Publication & Downloads

Improving Streets of Downtown Kuala Lumpur report (ISD) is a 272 page book with 120+ rendered maps and 300+ photographic evidence.


This Improving Streets of Downtown Kuala Lumpur report (ISD) is designed as a book. It has 272 pages filled with more than 120 rendered maps and more than 300 photographic evidence. It took about 9 months to complete, of which 5 months were spent surveying the streets. The report was finalised and delivered to Think City on 30 August 2016.

Selected pdf documents are available for download (links below). As part of the soft copy deliverables, listed on the left, the Appendices of extra studies are included below. Appendix / Walking Speed, Pilot Project Jalan Bunus and Pilot 2 Red Index.

Publication Download

1. ISD report (revised pdf version 1.2)
– pdf document
2. Study Area rating maps
– pdf document
– QGIS file
– Shape files set
– KML files
3. TC Study Area Basemap Draft 6
– pdf document
4. Folders / Image files
– signage (photo documentation)
– back alleys (entrance)
– additional images
5. Walking Speed findings
– pdf document
6. Summary Data Breakdown
– pdf document
7. Pilot Project Report
– Jalan Bunus
– pdf document
8. Pilot 2 Report– Red Index
– pdf document

Complete report–
Screen preview (low-res) 65.8mb
Print (high-res) 156.8mb

ISD screen

isd print

Individual chapters– (low res)
Objective & Methodology (786kb)
Section A– Masjid India (8mb)
Section B– Bukit Nanas (12mb)
Section C– Dataran Merdeka (5.3mb)
Section D– Old City Centre (6.3mb)
Section E– Chinatown (8.9mb)
Section F– Botanic Gardens (4.9mb)
Summary (18.9mb)
Strategies (4.2mb)
Appendix & Parallel Studies (1.3mb)

All files are stored on a google drive. For enquiries, please email

Appendix / Walking Speed


A simple exercise was also conducted to measure the average walking speed of pedestrians in the city. Four separate sites within the study area were chosen – Masjid Jamek, Jalan Raja Chulan, Jalan Raja Laut and Pasar Seni LRT. Each site is based on a 10-metre reading area that is unobstructed and hazard free. Subjects were timed on their walking speed. Each subject was categorised into gender (male, female) and age group (child, youth, middle age and elderly) and the “time window” of the test was between 10.00 am – 12.00 pm. The total length of time collated was averaged out by category and areas. There were 15 to 20 subjects timed on average per site.

In general, the street users of Kuala Lumpur within Think City Study Area walk at a pace of about 1/4 to 1/5 (1.0m/s to 1.1m/s) slower than the average walking speed (1.4 m/s or 5.0 kmh). This means a walking node would need to be situated at less than 400-metre (5 minutes) intervals, at around 300 to 320 metres.

(3.65 + 4.89 + 3.24 + 5.60) / 4
= 17.38 / 4
= 4.345 km/h

(1.01 + 1.36 + 0.90 + 1.56) / 4
= 4.83 / 4
= 1.21 m/s

Appendix / Pilot Project Jln Bunus


This pilot project is intended to assess and determine the feasibility of the checklist and objectives of the project as a whole. It also aims to find easily implemented “treatments & elements” with high improvement impact. A study area was chosen within the boundaries of the survey area and a checklist with perimeters was set with the objectives to connect and create a pedestrian corridor, around 400 metres stretch, “Reconnecting Jalan Bunus”.

The primary objective was to find a connecting path between major areas and transport nodes. Creating a seamless, continuous pathway mainly for pedestrian with accessibility for wheelchair and non-motorised vehicles e.g.bicycles. A Pedestrian Corridor with access to cultural & commercial centres, transport nodes & plazas.

The exercise drew up five survey parameter checklists for audit and assessment of current situation and standards.The exercise was also designed to gauge the feasibility of the procedure, its survey and data collection method, process for identifying findings and finally the proposed solutions.

Appendix / Pilot 2 Red Index


Pilot 2– Red Index This was the first attempt at fulfilling the contract as requested by Think City. However, the findings were too detailed and would not have been completed according to schedule. A rethinking of the methodology was needed. Attached is a deliverable copy of two small areas which was completed and prepared for review.

Survey Data A completed survey data in “styled layers” of sub areas will be submitted with supporting documents and images. A detailed breakdown list of files are listed below:
1. Shape file collection “finalised layered data file”
2. Google KML “layered data file from surveyor”
3. A3 size pdf set “layered data on basemap”
4. Red Index list with photo evidence
5. Folder of images “survey documentation”

These files will be re-edited & resent at the end of the project phase as a complete report with each layered section and supporting documents attached as a package for Final Delivery.

Publication Notes
hashtag #isd25

Report delivered 30 August 2016. Revised “Improving Streets of Downtown Kuala Lumpur” and published by Think City on 25 October 2017.

Studio 25
Project Coordinator
Jeffrey Lim
QGIS Coordinator &
Project Researcher
Leong Yew Weng
Writer/ Editorial
Leong Siok Hui
Photography Team
Jeffrey Lim
Leong Yew Weng
Wong Chin Hor
Marina Nizar
Serena Chang
Senja Ng
Matt Yeung
Natalie Tong
Eliza Sam
William Chak
Think City
Julien Hives
Hui Wai Chung
Hannah Gibson

ISD25 H button

Team Involved Studio 25 is engaged as a consultant for services rendered to Think City. The Engagement Team consists of the following members listed below who are hired under Studio 25. The key liaison from Think City is Julien Hives and Studio 25 has had technical meet ups with several other Think City staff whose names are listed here. Studio 25 has also had the opportunity to host TV presenters from Hong Kong for a night survey for a documentary-style report program. Their names are listed as External Guest Surveyors.

With the support of
Uppercase, APW Bangsar
Marin Bikes California/ Malaysia
Google Streetview images & Maps
are used for the intention of this report
Full page images on pages: 4, 90, 146, 172, 174, 228, & 230 are credited to Wong Chin Hor. On pages: front cover, back cover, 14, 16, 17, 26, 34, 60, 62, 88, 116, 118, 144, 172, 200, 208, 231, 233, 236, 237, 240, 243, 246, 249, 252, 253, 255, 261 are respectively credited to Studio 25.

Copyright holder © Think City 2016 / 2017